Facts and Figures about Sikkim

Location:                                Approx 27 deg. North 88 deg. East

Area:                                       7,096 sq kms (.22% of area of India)

State Population:                   540,493 (Male:288,217; Female: 252,276)

(As per 2001 Census)           .05 % of the total population of India

Sex  ratio (2001 Census):      875 females/1000 males

Density of population:         76 per sq. km

Capital:                                    Gangtok

Districts, Areas

East District  (954 sq km)                     – Gangtok

West District  (1166 sq km)                    – Gyalshing

South District (750 sq km)                      – Namchi

North District (4226 sq km)                – Mangan

No. of Sub-Divisions:           16 (Gangtok, Pakyong,  Rongli, Namchi, Soreng, Gyalshing, Rabongla, Mangan, Chungthang, Kabi, Dzongu, Rangpo, Yangang, Jorethang, Yoksum, Dentam)

Climate:                                   Tropical, Temperate and Alpine

No of Species (rich biodiversity): Sikkim has only 0.2 % area of India but has 26 % of  bio-diversity.

There has been a 2% increase in forest coverage(from 43.95% to 46%) in the state   during the period 1993-2003 due to to green initiatives of the Government

Mammals 144                                     Birds: 550                    Butterflies: 650

Flowering plants: over 4000 species                                   Orchids: 550

Rhodendrons: 36                               Ferns: 300                   Conifers: 9

 

State Animal:                            Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens)

State Bird:                               Blood Pheasant (Ithaginis cruentus)

State Flower:                          Nobile Orchid (Dendrobium nobile)

State Tree:                              Rhododendron (Rhododendron niveum)

No. of Zilla Panchayat ward: 92

No. of Gram Panchayat:       166 Units:

No. of Revenue Blocks:       411

Other important towns:        Jorethang, Singtam, Rangpo, Pakyong   Rhenock, Melli, Chungthang and Soreng

Official Languages:               English, Nepali, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limboo,    Magar, Rai, Gurung, Sherpa, Tamang, Newari, Sunuwar

Main occupations:                Farmers, Cardamom Growers, Government                                                     contrac­tors and Government Employees

Per capita GSDP 2013 ( at current prices) Rs 9,95,654

Per Capita GSDP 2013 (at constant Prices) Rs 5,49,095

Per Capita Income 2013:                Rs 88137/- ( at current prices)

Domestic product(1995-96, at current prices):                Rs 446 crores

 

Plan Allocation:                     8th Plan (1992-97):        Rs 764 crores

9th Plan (1997-2002):   Rs 1181.24 crores

10th Plan (2002-2007): Rs 1655.74 crores

Religions:                               Hinduism, Buddhism and Christianity

Percentage of population by religion: Hindus 67.25%, Buddhists 28.71%,Christians 2.22%,Muslims 1.03%

Percentage of population by caste:                   Schedule Caste 5.93%, Schedule Tribe 22%

Urban Population:                 9.1%

% below poverty line:          36.55 as against  all India 26.1  (in 1999-2000)

Birth rate:                                21.9 (in 2001, per 1000)

Death rate:                              5.0 (in 2001, per 1000)

Infant Mortality rate:            26 (in 2013, per 1000)

No. of Assembly seats:        32

No. of Lok Sabha seats:       1

No. of Rajya Sabha seats:    1

No. of Police Stations:          26 (as in 2002)

No. of Police Outposts:        38

No. of Police Checkposts:   6

No. of Picket posts:              11

CID/PS                                    1

Crime Statistics (2010):

Murders:17;  Robbery:7;Theft:53;   Burglary:72; Rape:18; Kidnapping:6, Cheating: 20; Counterfeiting:3; Arson:7; Molestation:11

Percentage of                                      98%                                                                                          Electrification:

Cash crops:                            Cardmom, Tea, Ginger

Cereal Crops:                         Rice, Maize, Millet

Fruits:                                      Oranges and Apples

Minerals & Metals:               Copper, dolomite, graphite

No. of Doordarsan TV          1 at Gangtok                                                                         High power Transmitters:

No. of All India Radio:         1, MW & SW at Gangtok

Stations

No of Schools and Educational Institutions (2005)

Primary schools-          502                 Middle (Junior) schools-      147

Secondary Schools-      92                 Senior Sec. Schools-                41

Public Schools-                2

Degree College-                2                 Engineering College-                 1

Medical College               1                 BEd College-                               1

Law College                       1                Sheda                                            1

Monastic Schools          50                Sanskrit patshala                       12

Madrasa                             1                Teachers Training Inst.              1

Industrial Training Inst.   1

 

Pecentage of literacy:                         82%

No. of hospitals:                    6, including Sir Thutob Namgyal                                                                                      Memorial & Manipal Referral Hospitals

No. of Primary Health Centre24

No. of Primary                        147

Sub Health Centre

Population per doctor:        2800

No. of Veterinary                   12

Hospitals:

No. of Veterinary                   25

Dispensaries:

No. of food godowns                         24

 

Roads

National Highway –       40  kms                         State Highway –            250 kms Major dis­trict roads-               450 kms                  Other district roads-                         845 kms

Land utilization:

Forest Land                    42%                               Barren Land                   22%                       Agriculture Land                      16%                                                  Pasture & Grazing Land              17%                  Other Land         3%

Tourist arrivals

Domestic                      234394

International                14774

 

NAMES CONSTITUENCIES (AFTER DELIMITATION)

Yoksam-Tashiding                  Yangthang                                 Maneybung-Dentam

Gyalshing-Barnyak                  Rinchenpong                             Daramdin                 Soreong-Chakung     Salgari-Zoom           Barfung

Poklok-Kamrang                    Namchi-Singhithang                  Melli                                        Namthang-Rateypani               Temi-Namphing      Rangang-Yangang                                  Tumen-Lingi                             Khamdong-Singtam West Pendam                           Rhenock  Chujachen                Gnathang Machong                                 Namcheybung                            Shyari      Martam-Rumtek                      Upper Tadong          Arithang  Gangtok                                                                  Upper Burtuk                            Kabi Lungchuk         Djongu                                     Lachen Mangan

LIST OF BLOCK ADMINISTRATIVE CENTRES: 33

EAST DISTRICT :RHENOCK,  KHAMDONG, RANKA, RAKDONG -TINTEK, PAKYONG, GANGTOK, RONGLI, DUGA, PARKHA,  NANDOK, SANG

WEST DISTRICT :SORENG, GYALSHING, DENTAM, YUKSOM, SANG-DORJEE, HEE-BERMOIK CHONGRANG, CHUMBONG

SOUTH DISTRICT: TEMI, RAVANGLA,  SORENG, YANGANG, SUMBUK, SIKIP, NAMCHI, NAMTHANG

NORTH DISTRICT: MANGAN, PASSINGDONG, KABI, CHUNGTHANG LACHEN LACHUNG